Christopher L. Brace

Present Title and Affiliation

Primary

Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

                Department of Radiology

                Department of Biomedical Engineering

Affiliate

Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

                Department of Medical Physics

Other

Faculty Co-Cirector, Delta Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

Education

2005

Ph.D., Electrical and Computer Engineering; University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

2003

M.S., Electrical and Computer Engineering; University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

2001

B.S., Electrical Engineering and B.S., Physics; University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Academic and Professional Experience

2009 – 2013

Assistant Professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

                Department of Radiology

                Department of Biomedical Engineering

                Department of Medical Physics (affiliate)

2005 – 2009

Assistant Scientist, Department of Radiology,         University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

2004 –

Co-founder & Consultant, NeuWave Medical, Inc., Madison, WI

2001 – 2005

Graduate Research Assistant, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

2002

Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

1999 – 2001

Engineering Intern, GE Medical Systems, Waukesha, WI

1999 – 2001

Undergraduate Research Assistant, Department of Electrical and Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Honors and Awards

Individual / Collaborative

2011

University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee Alumni Association Graduate of the Last Decade Award

2009

IEEE Senior Member Elevation

2008

NIH/NIBIB Travel Award, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference

2007

New Investigator Award, Society of Thermal Medicine

2006 – 2011

Poster and oral presentation awards noted in the appropriate sections below

2005

Harold A. Peterson Best Dissertation Award, University of Wisconsin – Madison

2005

Travel Award, University of Wisconsin – Madison

2004

International Microwave Symposium Student Paper Competition Finalist

2001 – 2003

Frank Rogers Bacon Fellowship, University of Wisconsin – Madison

2001

Magna Cum Laude, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee

1997 – 2000

All-Academic, Midwestern Collegiate Conference; Scholar Athlete, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee

Student Awards (asmentor)

2015

Resident Trainee Award, Society of Abdominal Radiology (George Carberry)

2014

Medical Student Award, Radiological Society of North America (Anna Moreland)

2013

Resident Trainee Award, Society of Abdominal Radiology (Theodora Potretzke)

2011

Collegiate Inventors Competition, 2nd place

2011

National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance BMEStart Competition, 3rd place

2011

Medical Student Award, Radiological Society of North America (Jason Chiang)

Professional Memberships

Member, American Society for Engineering Education        2011 –

Member, Biomedical Engineering Society        2010 –

Member, University of Wisconsin Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center        2010 –

Member, University of Wisconsin Institute for Clinical and Translational Research        2009 –

Active Member, Society of Thermal Medicine        2005 –

Senior Member, IEEE and Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society        2001 –

American Physical Society        2001 – 2005

Research Funding

Current Awards

Completed Awards

SEED Award (Block, Walter)        07/01/15 to 08/30/16        $100k

University of Wisconsin – Madison                

“Platform for Real-time Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Therapy Using Quantitative Thermal Mapping”

Society of Abdominal Radiology (Lubner, Meghan)             03/01/2013 to 02/28/2015        $50k

Use of Dual Energy CT for Intra and Postprocedure Monitoring of Tumor Ablation

Evaluate the potential utility of DECT for ablation zone monitoring

Role: Co-Investigator

 

F30 CA165548 (Chiang, Jason)          09/01/2012 to 08/31/2015        

Cytotoxic Heat Transfer and Thrombotic Risk in Microwave Tumor Ablation        $153k

        Develop an injectable material to physically separate organs during tumor ablation

        Role: PI

UW-Madison IEDR 2011 (Brace, Christopher)          07/01/2012 to 06/30/2012

Absorbable Hydrogel for Hydrodissection During Thermal Tumor Ablation        $50k

        Develop an injectable material to physically separate organs during tumor ablation

        Role: PI

1 R01 CA149379 (Brace, Christopher)        07/01/10 to 04/30/15        20% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $1.2M

Periodic Contrast-Enhanced CT with HYPR Processing for Ablation Monitoring

        Create a new treatment monitoring technique using existing, synergistic technologies

        Role: PI

1 R01 CA142737 (Brace, Christopher)        2/01/10 to 12/31/14        40% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $1.2M

Optimizing Microwave Ablation Techniques for Targeted Cancer Therapy

        Optimize the application of microwaves for tumor ablation

        Role: PI

+ Diversity Supplement (Bedoya, Mariajose)        7/01/11 to 6/30/13        $75k

5 R01 CA112192 (Varghese, Tomy)                                       07/01/07 to 06/30/12        4% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $1.5M

Real-time Ultrasonic Monitoring of Tumor Ablation

Develop real-time ultrasound techniques for thermal ablation monitoring

Role: Collaborator

 

L30 CA136262 (Brace, Christopher)        09/01/08 to 08/31/12        0% effort

National Institutes of Health / Loan Repayment Program                (> 50% research time commitment)

Translational Research in Thermal Tumor Ablation

        Continue the development of new technologies for tumor ablation

        Role: Recipient

1 R01 HL086975 (Unal, Orhan)        08/01/07 to 06/30/12        10% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute        $1.4M

Real-time MRI-guided RF ablation of Cardiac Tachyarrhythmias

        Develop a single MRI catheter capable of targeting, tracking and treating cardiac tachyarrhythmias

        Role: Co-Investigator

5 R01 CA112192 (Varghese, Tomy)        07/01/07 to 06/30/12        4% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $1.2M

Real-time Ultrasonic Monitoring of Tumor Ablation

        Develop real-time ultrasound techniques for thermal ablation monitoring

        Role: Collaborator

R43/44 CA126087 (Schefelker, Richard)        10/01/08 to 12/31/11        (external – 0% effort)

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $2.0M

Minimally Invasive Microwave Antennas for Image-guided Focal Tumor Ablation

        Continue the development of a new microwave ablation system for cancer treatment

        Role: Grant author, Consultant

1 R01 CA108869-01 (Lee, Fred Jr.)         04/01/06 to 03/31/11         10% effort

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                 $1.34M

Development of Multiple-probe Radiofrequency Ablation

        Develop and validate multiple-electrode RF ablation

        Role: Collaborator

Coulter 2008 (Furgeson, Darin and Lee, Fred)        03/01/08 to 12/31/08        10% effort

Wallace H Coulter Translational Research Partnerships in Biomedical Engineering        $70,000

Microwave Thermal Ablation and Tumor Margin Directed Chemotherapy for Cancer Eradication

        Develop a combination therapy using microwave ablation and heat-sensitive delivery of geldanamycin

        Role: Collaborator

Draper 2007 (Jiang, Jingfeng)        10/01/07 to 09/30/08        10% effort

University of Wisconsin Draper Foundation                $30,000

Ultrasound-based Temperature Imaging for Monitoring Microwave Ablation

        Develop a temperature-sensitive ultrasound imaging technique

        Role: Collaborator

1 R43 CA126087 (van der Weide, Daniel)        09/27/06 to 08/31/08        (external)

National Institutes of Health / National Cancer Institute                $750k

Minimally Invasive Microwave Antennas for Image-guided Focal Tumor Ablation

        Develop a new microwave ablation system for cancer treatment

        Role:  Grant author, Consultant

Patents Issued

  1. van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF, Brace CL. Energy delivery systems and uses thereof. US Pat 9,566,115.
  2. Wang P, Brace CL. System for monitoring thermal ablation using radiofrequency echoes. US Pat 9,439,729.
  3. Thiel MJ, Thom M, Brace CL, Schefelker RW. Energy delivery systems and uses thereof. US Pat 9,192,438.
  4. van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF, Brace CL. Energy delivery systems and uses thereof. US Pat 9,119,649.
  5. Brace CL, Chiang J. Feeding structure for dual slot microwave ablation probe. US Pat 9,095,360.
  6. van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF, Brace CL. Energy delivery systems and uses thereof. US Pat 9,072,532.
  7. Brace CL, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF. Energy delivery systems and uses thereof. China Pat 101,511,295.
  8. van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF, Brace CL. Center fed dipole for use with tissue ablation systems, devices and methods. US Pat 8,672,932.
  9. Brace CL, van der Weide DW, Laeseke PF, Lee FT Jr. Air-core microwave ablation antennas. US Pat 7,244,254.

Publications

Refereed Journal Articles (Peer-reviewed)

  1. Klapperich ME, Abel EJ, Ziemlewicz TJ, Best S, Lubner MG, Nakada SY, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr, Wells SA. Percutaneous microwave ablation of 100 T1a renal cell carcinoma: Effect of tumor complexity and technique on efficacy and complications. Radiology; in press, 2017.
  2. Carberry GA, Nocerino E, Mason PJ, Schwahn DJ, Hetzel S, Turnquist AM, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Pulmonary microwave ablation near the heart: Antenna positioning can mitigate cardiac complications in a porcine model. Radiology; 282(3):892-902, 2017.
  3. Liu D, Brace CL. Numerical simulation of microwave ablation incorporating tissue contraction based on thermal dose. Physics in Medicine and Biology; 62(6):2070-2086, 2017.
  4. Kinner S, Schubert TB, Nocerino EA, Hynes S, Colgan TJ, Loeffler AG, Brace C, Reeder SB, Winslow E. MR visible localization device for radiographic-pathologic correlation of surgical specimens. Magnetic Resonance Imaging; 37:159-163, 2017.
  5. Ryan TP, Brace CL. Interstitial microwave treatment for cancer: historical basis and current techniques in antenna design and performance. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 33(1):3-14, 2017.
  6. Meloni MF, Chiang J, Laeseke PF, Dietrich CF, Sannino A, Solbiati M, Nocerino E, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation in primary and secondary liver tumors: technical and clinical approaches. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 33(1):15-24, 2017.
  7. Wu P-H, Brace CL. Analysis of iodinated contrast delivered during thermal ablation: Is material trapped in the ablation zone? Physics in Medicine and Biology; 61(16):6041-6054, 2016.
  8. Chiang J, Christescu M, Lee MH, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Effects of microwave ablation on arterial and venous vasculature after treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Radiology; 281(2):617-624, 2016.
  9. Velez E, Goldberg SN, Kumar G, Wang Y, Gourevitch S, Sosna J, Moon T, Brace CL, Ahmed M. Hepatic thermal ablation: Effect of device and heating parameters on local tissue reactions and distant tumor growth. Radiology; 281(3):782-792, 2016.
  10. Ziemlewicz TJ, Wells SA, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr, Hinshaw JL. Hepatic tumor ablation. Surgical Clinics of North America; 96(2):315-339, 2016.
  11. Wells SA, Wheeler KM, Mithqal A, Patel MS, Brace CL, Schenkman NS. Percutaneous microwave ablation of T1a and T1b renal cell carcinoma: Short-term efficacy and complications with emphasis on tumor complexity and single session treatment. Abdominal Imaging; 41(6):1203-1211, 2016.
  12. Ziemlewicz TJ, Potretske TA, Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Wells, SA, Lubner MG, Lee FT Jr. Microwave versus radiofrequency ablation treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma: a comparison of efficacy at a single center. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 27(5):631-638, 2016.
  13. Francica G, Meloni MF, de Sio I, Smolock AR, Brace CL, Iadevaia MD, Santambrogio R, Sironi S, Scaglione M, Lee FT Jr. Radiofrequency and microwave ablation of subcapsular hepatocellular carcinoma accessed by direct puncture: Safety and efficacy. European Journal of Radiology; 85(4):739-743, 2016.
  14. Cristescu M, Abel EJ, Wells S, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hedican SP, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of renal angiomyolipomas. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; 39(3):433-40, 2016.
  15. Smolock AR, Cristescu MM, Potretzke TA, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation for the treatment of hepatic adenomas. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 27(2):244-9, 2016.
  16. Wells SA, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Liver Ablation: Best Practice. Radiology Clinics of North America; 53(5):933-971, 2015.
  17. Harari CM, Magagna M, Bedoya M, Lee FT Jr, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz T, Brace CL. Microwave ablation: Comparison of simultaneous and sequential activation of multiple antennas in liver model systems. Radiology; 278(1):95-103, 2016.
  18.  Johnson A, Brace C. Heat transfer within hydrodissection fluids: An analysis of thermal conduction and convection using liquid and gel materials. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 31(5):551-559, 2015.
  19. Moreland A, Johnson AD, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TG, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Evaluation of a thermoprotective gel for hydrodissection during percutaneous microwave ablation: In vivo results. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; 38(3):722-730, 2015.
  20. Potretzke T, Lubner MG, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Early small-bowel ischemia: Dual-energy CT improves conspicuity compared with conventional CT in a swine model. Radiology; 275(1):119-26, 2015.
  21. Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Alexander ML, Agrawal P, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma: initial clinical results with 107 tumors. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 26(1):62-68, 2015.
  22. Smolock AR, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Kitchin DR, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of hepatic tumors abutting the diaphragm is safe and effective. American Journal of Roentgenology, 204(1):197-203, 2015.
  23. Chiang J, Birla S, Jones D, Subbiah J, Brace CL. Modeling and validation of microwave ablations with internal vaporization. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering; 62(2):657-63, 2015. PMC4253571
  24. Bedoya M, Muñoz del Rio A, Chiang J, Brace CL. Microwave ablation energy delivery: Influence of power pulsing on ablation results in an ex vivo and in vivo liver model. Medical Physics; 41(12):123301, 2014. PMC4240778
  25. Chiang J, Willey BJ, Munoz del Rio A, Lee FT Jr, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL. Predictors of thrombosis in hepatic vasculature during microwave ablation of an in-vivo porcine model. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 25(12):1965-1971, 2014.
  26. Liu D, Brace CL. CT imaging during microwave ablation: Analysis of spatial and temporal tissue contraction. Medical Physics; 41(11):133303, 2014. PMC4209013
  27. Kitchin D, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Alexander M, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of malignant hepatic tumors: Intraperitoneal fluid instillation prevents collateral damage and allows more aggressive case selection. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 30(5):299-305, 2014.
  28. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Creation of short microwave ablation zones: In vivo characterization of single and paired modified triaxial antennas. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 25(10):1633-1640, 2014.
  29. Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous tumor ablation tools: Microwave, radiofrequency, or cryoablation. What should you use and why? Radiographics; 34(5):1344-1362, 2014.
  30.  Moreland A, Ziemlewicz T, Best S, Hinshaw JL, Lubner M, Alexander M, Brace CL, Kitchin D, Hedican S, Nakada S, Lee FT Jr, Abel JE. High powered microwave ablation of T1a renal cell carcinoma: Safety and early clinical efficacy. Journal of Endourology; 28(9):1046-1052, 2014.
  31. Ahmed M, Solbiati L, Brace CL, Breen DJ, Callstrom MR, Charboneau JW, Chen MH, Choi BI, de Baère T, Dodd GD 3rd, Dupuy DE, Gervais DA, Gianfelice D, Gillams AR, Lee FT Jr, Leen E, Lencioni R, Littrup PJ, Livraghi T, Lu DS, McGahan JP, Meloni MF, Nikolic B, Pereira PL, Liang P, Rhim H, Rose SC, Salem R, Sofocleous CT, Solomon SB, Soulen MC, Tanaka M, Vogl TJ, Wood BJ, Goldberg SN. Image-guided tumor ablation: standardization of terminology and reporting criteria – a 10-year update. Radiology; 273(1):241-260, 2014.
  32. Knavel E, Brace CL. Tumor ablation: Common modalities and general practices. Technologies in Cancer Research and Therapy; 16:192-200, 2013.
  33. Johnson AD, Sprangers AJ, Cassidy P, Heyrman S, Puccinelli J, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL. Design and validation of a thermoreversible material for percutaneous tissue hydrodissection. Journal of Biomaterials Research B; in press, 2013.
  34. Lubner MG,  Brace CL, Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of hepatic malignancy. Seminars in Interventional Radiology; 30:56-66, 2013.
  35. Chiang J, Wang P, Brace CL. Computational modeling of microwave thermal ablation. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 29:308-317, 2013.
  36. Chiang J, Brace CL. A dual-slot microwave antenna for more spherical ablation zones: Ex vivo and in vivo validation. Radiology; 268:382-389, 2013.
  37. Andreano A, Brace CL. A comparison of direct heating during radiofrequency and microwave ablation in ex vivo liver. Cardiovascular and Intervnetional Radiology; 36(2):505-511, 2013.  PMC3437379
  38. DeWall R, Varghese T, Brace CL. Visualizing ex vivo radiofrequency and microwave ablation zones using electrode vibration elastography. Medical Physics; 39(11):6692-6700, 2012. PMC3489156
  39. Campbell C, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Munoz del Rio A, Brace CL. Contrast-doped hydrodissection during thermal ablation: Optimizing contrast concentration for improved visibility on computed tomography images. American Journal of Roentgenology; 199:677-682, 2012.
  40. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Sampson L, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. High-powered microwave ablation with a small-gauge, gas-cooled antenna: Initial ex vivo and in vivo results. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 23(3):405-411, 2012.  PMC3289683
  41. Knavel E, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Lubner MG, Warner TF, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. High-powered gas-cooled microwave ablation:  Shaft cooling creates an effective stick function without altering the ablation zone. American Journal of Roentgenology; 198(3):W260-W265, 2012.  PMC3298039
  42. DeWall R, Varghese T, Brace CL. Quantifying local stiffness variations in thermal ablations using dynamic indentation. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 59(3):728-35, 2012.  PMC pending release.
  43. Wang P, Brace CL. Tissue dielectric measurement using a dipole antenna. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 59(1):115-121, 2012.  PMC3293219
  44. Ji Z, Brace CL. Improved modeling of temperature-dependent dielectric properties for microwave thermal ablation. Physics in Medicine and Biology; 56(16):5249-5264, 2011.  PMC3157027
  45. Brace CL. Dual-slot antennas for interstitial microwave tissue heating: Parametric analysis and experimental validation. Medical Physics; 38(7):4232-4240, 2011. PMC3145220
  46. Sonntag PD, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Thermal ablation of lung tumors. Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America; 20(2):369-387, 2011. PMC3155988
  47. Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG. Thermal ablation for the treatment of abdominal tumors. Journal of Visualized Experiments; 49:2596, Mar 7, 2011. PMC3197316
  48. Ahmed M, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr, Goldberg SN. Principles of and advances in percutaneous ablation. Radiology; 258(2):351-369, 2011.  PMC pending release.
  49. Hinshaw JL, Durick NA, Leung W, Lee FT Jr, Sampson LA, Brace CL. Temperature isotherms during pulmonary cryoablation and their correlation with the zone of ablation. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 21(9):1424-1428, 2010. PMC3158241
  50. Brace CL. Microwave tissue ablation: Biophysics, technology and applications. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering; 38(1):65-78, 2010.  PMC3058696
  51. Lubner MG, Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave tumor ablation: Mechanism of action, clinical results and devices. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 21(8 suppl):S192-203, 2010.  PMC3065977
  52. Jiang J, Brace CL, Andreano A, DeWall RJ, Rubert N, Fisher T, Varghese T, Lee FT Jr, Hall TJ.  Ultrasound-based elastic modulus imaging for visualizing thermal ablation zones in a porcine model. Physics in Medicine and Biology; 55(8):2281-2306, 2010.  PMC3068604
  53. Hinshaw JL, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Optimizing the protocol for pulmonary cryoablation:  A comparison of a dual and triple freeze protocol. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; 33:1180-5, 2010.
  54. Brace CL, Diaz TA, Hinshaw JL, Lee, FT Jr. Tissue contraction caused by radiofrequency and microwave ablation: A laboratory study in liver and lung. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 21(8):1280-1286, 2010.  PMC2920145
  55. Andreano A, Huang Y, Meloni MF, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Microwaves create larger ablations than radiofrequency when controlled for power in ex vivo tissue. Medical Physics; 37(6):2967-2973, 2010.  PMC2887908
  56. Rubert N, Bharat S, DeWall RJ, Andreano A, Brace CL, Jiang J, Sampson LA, Varghese T. Electrode displacement strain imaging of thermally-ablated liver tissue in an in vivo animal model. Medical Physics; 37(3):1075-1082, 2010.  PMC2837725
  57. Hinshaw JL, Durick NA, Leung W, Lee FT Jr, Warner TF, Sampson LA, and Brace CL. Radiology-pathology correlation for pulmonary cryoablation in a porcine model. Journal of Interventional Oncology; 2(2):73-79, 2009.
  58. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr and Brace CL. Multiple-antenna microwave ablation: Spatially distributing power improves thermal profiles and reduces invasiveness. Journal of Interventional Oncology; 2(2):65-72, 2009.
  59. Wang P, Brace CL, Converse M, Webster JW.  Tumor boundary estimation through time domain peaks monitoring: Numerical predictions and experimental results in tissue mimicking phantoms. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering; 56(11):2634-2641, 2009.  PMC2941204.
  60. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr and Brace CL. Microwave ablation versus radiofrequency ablation in the kidney: High-power triaxial antennas create larger ablation zones than similarly sized internally cooled electrodes. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 20(9):1224-1229, 2009.  
  61. Jiang JJ, Varghese T, Brace CL, Madsen EL, Hall TJ, Bharat S, Hobson MA, Zagzebski JA, Lee FT Jr. Young's modulus reconstruction for radio-frequency ablation electrode-induced displacement fields: A feasibility study. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging; 28(8):1325-1334, 2009.  PMC2843513
  62. Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, and Lee FT Jr. Pulmonary thermal ablation: Comparing radiofrequency and microwave devices using gross pathology and CT imaging. Radiology; 251(3):705-711, 2009. Featured in MedicalPhysicsWeb.  PMC2687532
  63. Brace CL, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Sandhu N, and Lee FT Jr. Radiofrequency ablation: Simultaneous application of multiple electrodes via switching creates larger, more confluent ablations than sequential application. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 20(1):118-124, 2009.  PMC2667960
  64. Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Sampson LA, and Brace CL. Does selective intubation increase ablation zone size during pulmonary cryoablation? Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 19(10):1497-1501, 2008.
  65. Durick N, Laeseke PF, Broderick LS, Warner TM, Frey TM, Sampson LA, Van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, and Brace CL. Microwave ablation with triaxial antennas tuned for lung: Results in an in vivo porcine model. Radiology; 247(1):80-87, 2008.
  66. Laeseke PF, Sampson LS, Frey TM, Mukherjee R, Winter TC III, Lee FT Jr and Brace CL. Multiple-electrode radiofrequency ablation: comparison with a conventional cluster electrode in an in vivo porcine kidney model. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 18(8):1005-1010, 2007.
  67. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Frey TM, Sampson LS and Lee FT Jr. Radiofrequency ablation with a high-power generator: Device efficacy in an in vivo porcine liver model. International Journal of Hyperthermia; 23(4):387-294, 2007.
  68. Laeseke PF, Frey TM, Brace CL, Sampson LS, Winter TW III and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-electrode RF ablation of hepatic malignancies: Initial clinical experience. American Journal of Roentgenology; 188(6):1485-1494, 2007.
  69. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with multiple simultaneously powered small-gauge triaxial antennas: Results from an in vivo swine liver model. Radiology; 244(1):151-156, 2007.
  70. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with a single small-gauge triaxial antenna: In vivo porcine liver model. Radiology; 242(2):435-440, 2007.  PMC1945245
  71. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Haemmerich D, Brace CL, Fine JP, Tatum TM, Winter TC III and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-electrode radiofrequency ablation creates confluent areas of necrosis: Results in in vivo porcine liver results. Radiology; 241(11):116-124, 2006.
  72. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Brace CL, Winter TC III, Fine JP and Lee FT Jr. Unintended thermal injuries from radiofrequency ablation: Protection with 5% dextrose in water. American Journal of Roentgenology; 186(5 Suppl):S249-S254, 2006.
  73. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Haemmerich D, Brace CL, Fine JP, Tatum TM, Winter TC III and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-electrode RF ablation: Simultaneous production of separate zones of coagulation in an in vivo porcine liver model. Journal of Vascular Interventional Radiology; 16(12):1727-1735, 2005.
  74. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with a triaxial antenna: results in ex vivo bovine liver. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques; 53(1):215-220, 2005.  PMC2134893

Refereed Articles in Conference Proceedings (Peer-reviewed)

  1. Moon T, Brace CL. Design of a dual-slot antenna for small-animal microwave ablation studies. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; in press, 2016.
  2. Mulchrone A, Hacker T, Chesler N, Brace CL. Inducing valvular regurgitation in mice via thermal ablation of cardiac valves. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; 1:5663-5666, 2014.
  3. Brace CL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Schefelker R, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Lee FT Jr. Microwave tumor ablation: Cooperative academic-industry development of a high-power gas-cooled system with early clinical results. Proceedings of SPIE 8584: Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VII; 858405, 2013.
  4. Chiang J, Hynes K, Brace CL. Flow-dependent vascular heat transfer during microwave thermal ablation. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; 2012:5582-5585, 2012.
  5. Chesler N, Tompkins W, Brace CL. Learning assessment in a design-throughout-the-curriculum program. American Society for Engineering Education Annual Meeting Digest; AC 2011-117, 2011.
  6. Rubert N, Bharat S, Andreano A, Brace CL, Jiang J, Sampson LA, Zagzebski JA, Lee FT Jr, Varghese T. In vivo ultrasound electrode displacement strain imaging. IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest; 1:131-134, 2009.
  7. Jiang J, Brace CL, Andreano A, DeWall R, Rubert N, Fisher T, Varghese T, Lee FT Jr, Hall TJ. Elastic modulus imaging (EMI) for visualizing thermal ablation zone: Initial experience in a porcine model. IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest; 1:143-146, 2009.
  8. Brace CL, Mistretta CA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Periodic contrast-enhanced computed tomography for ablation treatment monitoring: A feasibility study. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; 1:4299-4302, 2009.  PMC2929912
  9. Brace CL. Temperature-dependent dielectric properties of liver tissue measured during thermal ablation: Toward an improved numerical model. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; 1:230-233, 2008.
  10. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Prasad V and Lee FT Jr. Electrical isolation of organs during radiofrequency ablation: 5% dextrose in water provides better protection than saline. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology; 1:5021-5024, 2006.
  11. Brace CL, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF and Sampson LA. Analysis and experimental validation of a triaxial antenna for microwave tumor ablation. 2004 IEEE International Microwave Symposium Digest; 3:1437-1440, 2004.  PMC2134895

Invited Articles (Editor-reviewed)

  1. Ziemlewicz TJ, Smolock AR, Brace CL. Letter to the editor. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology; 27(6):933-934, 2016.
  2. Brace CL. Thermal ablation technologies: Where are we and where do we need to be? Interventional News, Nov 30, 2012.
  3. Brace CL. Thermal tumor ablation in clinical practice. IEEE Pulse; 2:28-38, Sep/Oct 2011.
  4. Brace CL. Microwave ablation technology: What every user should know. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology; 38:61-68, 2009.  PMC2947838
  5. Brace CL. Microwave and radiofrequency ablation of the liver, lung, kidney and bone: What are the differences? Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology; 38:135-143, 2009.   PMC2941203
  6. Brace CL, Microwave ablation technology avoids problems that plague RFA, offers promise for new applications. DiagnosticImaging.com feature, Mar 13, 2006.

Books / Chapters / Special Issues

  1. Brace CL, Laeseke PF. “Introduction to ablative techniques” in Pua B et al. (eds), Interventional Radiology: Fundamentals of Clinical Practice. Oxford University Press, London, 2017.
  2. Pfund C, Brace CL, Branchaw J, Handelsman J, Masters K, Nanney L. “Mentor training for biomedical researchers” in Pfund C and Handelsman J (eds), Entering Mentoring Series. W.H. Freeman & Co., New York, NY, 2013.
  3. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. “Cryoablation” in DE Dupuy, Y Fong, WN McMullen (eds). Image-Guided Cancer Therapy: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Springer, Baton Rouge, LA, 2013.
  4. Klein J, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. “Overview of thermal ablation devices: Microwave” in T Clark and T Sabharwal (eds) Techniques in Interventional Radiology, Springer, Baton Rouge, LA, 2012.
  5. Haemmerich D and Brace CL. “Interstitial Electromagnetic Devices for Thermal Ablation” in E Moros (ed) Physics of Thermal Therapy: Fundamentals and Clinical Applications, Elsevier, in press for Sep 2012.
  6. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. “Cryoablation” in WN McMullen, Y Fong, G Dodd, CS Ha and J Berlin (eds) Image-Guided Cancer Therapy: A Multiple-disciplinary Approach, Springer, Baton Rouge, LA, in press.
  7. Brace CL and Haemmerich D (eds). Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering: Special Issue on Thermal Ablation, Begell House, Toronto, Canada, Jun 2010.
  8. Brace CL and Laeseke PF. “Radiofrequency ablation” in J Williamson (ed) Brachytheryapy Physics, 2nd ed. Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, WI, 2005.
  9. Brace CL. “Microwave ablation” in JG Webster (ed) Tissue Ablation: Devices and Procedures.  John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2005.

Presentations and Conference Abstracts

Invited Presentations at National / International Conferences

  1. Brace CL. Thermal biophysiology: the basis for improving tumor ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 26-Dec 2, 2016.
  2. Brace CL. An update on ablation technologies. Il Fegato e le terapie ablative, Milan, Italy; Oct 21, 2016.
  3. Brace CL. Thermal ablation device overview. International Congress of Hyperthermic Oncology; New Orleans, LA; Apr 11-15, 2016.
  4. Brace CL. The Engineering of ablation: why things work, or don’t work. Il Fegato e le terapie ablative: Presente e future (The Liver and Ablative Therapies: Present and Future), Milan, Italy; Sep 22-23, 2015.
  5. Brace CL. Microwave ablation technologies. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA; Feb 28-Mar 5, 2015.
  6. Brace CL. Thermal ablation devices. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 30-Dec 5, 2014.
  7. Brace CL. Thermal ablation device review. Quale Terapia per le Neoplasie Epatiche (Liver-Directed Therapies), Milan, Italy; Oct 30-31, 2014.
  8. Brace CL. Imaging before, during and after thermal ablation. Quale Terapia per le Neoplasie Epatiche (Liver-Directed Therapies), Milan, Italy; Oct 30-31, 2014.
  9. Brace CL. Microwave tumor ablation: State-of-the-art. Le Techniche Termo Ablative Minimamente Invasive dei Tumori Solidi: Attualità e Prospettive (Techniques for Solid Tumor Ablation: Current Trends and Perspectives), Florence, Italy; Nov 4, 2014.
  10. Brace CL. Microwave ablation: Breaking the 3 cm barrier? World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  11. Brace CL. Update on microwave ablation. Clinical Interventional Oncology, Miami, FL; Jan 17-Jan 20, 2014.
  12. Brace CL. Imaging for thermal ablation assessment. Clinical Interventional Oncology, Miami, FL; Jan 17-Jan 20, 2014.
  13. Brace CL. Demonstration of new ablation devices and techniques. Clinical Interventional Oncology, Miami, FL; Jan 17-Jan 20, 2014.
  14. Brace CL. Ablation Devices. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 25-Nov 30, 2013.
  15. Brace CL. Microwave tumor ablation: Cooperative academic-industry development of a high-power gas-cooled system with early clinical results. SPIE 8584: Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VII; Feb 3-4, 2013.
  16. Brace CL. Thermal ablation devices: Where we are, where should we be? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 25-Nov 30, 2012.
  17. Brace CL. Microwave therapy: Are all technologies (and wavelengths) equal? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  18. Brace CL. Microwave tumor ablation: Recent advances in technology and application. Society for Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Apr 29-May2, 2011.
  19. Brace CL. Thermal tumor ablation: Are bigger burns possible? European Conference on Interventional Oncology, Florence, Italy, Jul 21-24, 2010.
  20. Brace CL. New devices for microwave tumor ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  21. Brace CL. Ablation monitoring with advanced CT and ultrasound. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  22. Brace CL. New horizons in CT and ultrasound imaging for ablation monitoring. Plenary Session. Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, Clearwater, FL; Apr 23-26, 2010.
  23. Brace CL. Advanced imaging for thermal ablation monitoring. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 29-Dec 4, 2009.
  24. Brace CL. Advances in percutaneous therapies. VI Corso Monotematico sul Fegato: L’Ecografia dalla Diagnosi alla Terapia (6th Annual Ultrasound for Diagnostics and Therapeutics in the Liver Course), Milan, Italy; Oct 12-16, 2009.
  25. Brace CL, Mistretta CA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Periodic contrast-enhanced computed tomography for ablation treatment monitoring. IEEE EMBC, Minneapolis, MN; Sep 3-8, 2009.
  26. Brace CL. Microwave tumor ablation: An old friend in new clothing. Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ; Apr 3-7, 2009.
  27. Brace CL. Advances in percutaneous interventional oncology therapies. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting – Interventional Oncology Symposium, Chicago, IL; Nov 30-Dec 5, 2008.
  28. Brace CL. Basic science and advances in thermal ablation. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.
  29. Brace CL. Technical considerations of device selection. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Washington, DC; Mar 15-20, 2008.
  30. Brace CL. New devices/paradigms for tissue destruction with energy. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 25-30, 2007.
  31. Brace CL. Technology of ablative therapy for lung tumors. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA; Mar 1-6, 2007.

Invited Presentations at Regional / Local Conferences

  1. Brace CL. Microwave ablation: Technology development and clinical application. University of Wisconsin Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Madison, WI; Feb 22, 2016.
  2. Brace CL. Imaging for tumor ablation. University of Wisconsin Practical Imaging and Intervention, Saskatchewan, Canada; Jul 9-14, 2013.
  3. Brace CL. Thermal tumor ablation in the liver. Digestive Disease Symposium: Update in the Multidisciplinary Care of GI and Liver Disease, Baileys Harbor, WI; Sep 6-7, 2012.
  4. Brace CL. Advances in thermal tumor ablation. University of Wisconsin Practical Imaging and Intervention, Saskatchewan, Canada; Jul 10-14, 2011.
  5. Brace CL. CT and ultrasound imaging of thermal ablations. University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee Medical Imaging Symposium, Milwaukee, WI; Apr 26, 2010.
  6. Brace CL. Thermal ablation of abdominal organs. Radiology Interest Group Meeting, Madison, WI; Apr 6, 2010.
  7. Brace CL. Basics of ablation devices. University of Wisconsin Practical Imaging and Intervention, Manitoba, Canada; Jul 10-14, 2009.

Scientific Abstracts Presented (presenter underlined):

  1. Moon TJ, Brace CL. Design of a dual-slot antenna for small animal microwave ablation studies. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference; Orlando, FL; Aug 16-20, 2016.
  2. Carberry G, Nocerino E, Mason P, Schwahn D, Hetzel S, Turnquist A, Brace C, Lee F. Preventing cardiac complications during percutaneous microwave lung ablation near the heart: Effect of antenna position on risk of cardiac tissue injury and significant arrhythmia in a swine model. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  3. Carberry G, Nocerino E, Lee F, Brace C. Effect of vessel diameter on frequency of pulmonary artery branch occlusion during central microwave pulmonary ablation in a swine model. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  4. Cristescu MM, Smolock A, Carberry G, Nocerino E, Brace C, Lee F. Actual versus expected ablation zone margins: Evaluation in in vivo porcine liver demonstrates margin overestimation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  5. Carberry G, Smolock A, Cristescu M, Ziemlewicz T, Wells S, Hinshaw J, Lubner M, Brace CL. Percutaneous microwave ablation of liver tumors near the heart: Safety and efficacy. Society of Interventional Radiology, Vancouver, BC; Apr 2-7, 2016.
  6. Klapperich M, Wells S, Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw J, Lubner M, Brace CL, Abel E, Best S. Percutaneous microwave ablation of 100 T1a renal cell carcinoma: Short and intermediate term efficacy with emphasis on tumor complexity and mitigation of complications. Society of Interventional Radiology, Vancouver, BC; Apr 2-7, 2016.
  7. Velez E, Goldberg SN, Kumar G, Wang Y, Brace CL, Ahmed M. Microwave hepatic ablation induces dose dependent local inflammation and distant pro-oncogenic effects. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, Nov 29-Dec 6, 2015.
  8. Liu D, Brace CL. Two dimensional principal strain analysis of tissue deformation during microwave ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, Nov 29-Dec 6, 2015.
  9. Moreland A, Klapperich M, Wells S, Abel E, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee Jr FT, Nakada S, Best S, Hedican S, Brace CL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Horn J, Fischman AM. Percutaneous microwave ablation of T1a renal cell carcinoma: Interval update with median 11-month imaging follow-up. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.
  10. Moreland A, Ledwidge M, Munoz del Rio A, Wells S, Kitchin D, Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lubner MG, Brace CL. Greyscale, color doppler, and B-flow ultrasound guidance for tissue hydrodissection: Modality impact on injection localization. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.
  11. Chiang JC, Martin J, Kickel K, Kimple, R, Brace CL. Potential mechanisms of the heat-sink effect during microwave ablation of an in-vivo porcine liver model. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA; Feb 28-Mar 5, 2015.
  12. Moreland A, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Kitchin DR, Johnson A, Lee FT Jr., Brace CL. Evaluation of an experimental thermoprotective gel for hydrodissection during percutaneous microwave ablation: in vivo results. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 30-Dec 5, 2014.
  13. Potretzke TA, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Kitchin DR, Brace CL, Agarwal P, Lee FT Jr. Microwave versus radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of HCC: A comparison of efficacy and safety at a single center. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 30-Dec 5, 2014.
  14. Best S, Moreland A, Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lubner M, Alexander M, Brace CL, Kitchin D, Hedican S, Nakada S, Lee FT Jr, Abel JE. High powered microwave ablation of T1a renal cancer: Preliminary safety and clinical efficacy. American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL; May 16-21, 2014.
  15. Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Kitchin DR, Brace CL, Alexander M, Agarwal P, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma:  Clinical results with 118 tumors treated over 3 years. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  16. Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Alexander M, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic metastases with high-powered, gas-cooled antennas:  An update on a 3 year experience. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  17. Smolock A, Ziemlewicz T, Kitchin D, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Hepatic microwave ablation adjacent to the diaphragm: Safety and efficacy. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  18. Wu P, Brace CL. Intra-procedure statistical analysis and ablation zone segmentation in low dose contrast-enhanced CT. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  19. Chiang J, Willey BJ, Brace CL. The role of heat transfer in thrombus formation in portal and hepatic vein during thermal ablations. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  20. Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Sampson L, Brace CL. Dual energy CT improves delineation of hepatic microwave ablation zones in a swine model. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  21. Potretzke TA, Brace CL, Lubner MG, Sampson LA, Willey BJ, Lee FT Jr. Dual energy CT improves visibility of early small bowel ischemia compared to conventional CT in a swine model. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  22. Moreland A, Ziemlewicz TJ, Fischman AM, Hinshaw JL, Abel J, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of renal tumors: Multicenter evaluation of safety and efficacy. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  23. Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Center M, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma: Early clinical results with 106 tumors. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  24. Johnson A, Brace CL. Development of new materials for tissue hydrodissection: An analysis of heat transfer in liquids and gels. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  25. Chiang J, Willey BJ, Muñoz del Rio A, Brace CL. Evaluation of thrombotic risk in hepatic vessels during microwave tumor ablations: Does size really matter? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  26. Liu D, Brace CL. Analysis of tissue contraction during microwave ablation with CT imaging. Interventional Oncology Sans Frontiers; Cernobbio, Italy; May 28-June 1, 2013.  *** Honored as best presentation in “creativity.
  27. Chiang J, Willey B, Munoz del Rio A, Brace CL. Predictors of thrombotic events in microwave tumor ablations of an in-vivo porcine liver model. Interventional Oncology Sans Frontiers; Cernobbio, Italy; May 28-June 1, 2013.
  28. Chiang J, Willey B, Brace CL. Vessel-dependent thrombotic events during microwave tumor ablation of an in vivo porcine liver model: A pilot study. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  29. Liu D, Brace CL. Analysis of tissue contraction during microwave ablation with CT imaging. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  30. Moreland AJ, Ziemlewicz TJ, Fischman AM, Hinshaw JL, Abel E, Lubner MG, Best SL, Center ML, Brace CL, Lee FT.  Percutaneous microwave ablation of renal tumors:  Multicenter evaluation of safety and efficacy. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  31. Lubner M, Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT, Sampson L, Brace CL.  A short microwave ablation zone is possible:  In vivo experience with single and multiple modified triaxial antennas. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  32. Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Alexander M, Sampson L, Lee FT.  Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma with high-powered, gas-cooled antennas:  24 month experience in 63 patients. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  33. Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz T, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Alexander M, Sampson L, Lee FT.  Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic metastases with high-powered, gas-cooled antennas:  24 month experience in 29 patients. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  34. Brace CL, Wu PH, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz T, Lee FT Jr. Serial CT for thermal ablation monitoring: Radiologic-pathologic correlation after dose-reducing reconstruction. Society of Abdominal Radiology Annual Meeting; Maui, Hawaii; Feb 24-Mar 1, 2013.
  35. Potretzke T, Brace CL, Lubner MG, Lee FT Jr. Dual energy CT improves visibility of early small bowel ischemia compared to conventional CT in a swine model. Society of Abdominal Radiology Annual Meeting; Maui, Hawaii; Feb 24-Mar 1, 2013.  *** New presenter abstract award.
  36. Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Dual energy CT improves delineation of hepatic microwave ablation zones in a swine model. Society of Abdominal Radiology Annual Meeting; Maui, Hawaii; Feb 24-Mar 1, 2013.
  37. Chiang J, Hynes K, Brace CL. Cooled dual-slot microwave antenna design and validation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 25-30, 2012.
  38. Bedoya M, Brace CL. Microwave thermal ablation: Pulsed power may increase ablation size and reduce treatment time. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 25-30, 2012.
  39. Best SL, Abel JE, Ziemlewicz TJ, Fischman AM, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL, Lubner MG, Center ML, Moreland AJ, Nakada SY. Initial experience with percutaneous microwave ablation of renal tumors: Multicenter evaluation of safety and efficacy. World Congress of Endourology, Istanbul, Turkey; Sep 4-8, 2012.
  40. Bedoya M, Brace CL. Microwave ablation energy delivery: power pulsing may improve ablation zone size and reduce treatment time.  World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Chicago, IL; Jun 14-17, 2012.
  41. Chiang J, Hynes K, Sampson L, Brace CL. Cooled dual-slot microwave antenna optimization to create more spherical ablation zones. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Chicago, IL; Jun 14-17, 2012.
  42. Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Center MA, Wells S, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous ablation with a high-powered, gas-cooled microwave system: Initial clinical experience.  World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Chicago, IL; Jun 14-17, 2012.
  43. Best SL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Fischman AM, Abel JE, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL, Lubner MG, Nakada SY, Center ML, Moreland AJ. Initial experience with percutaneous microwave ablation of renal tumors: Multicenter evaluation of safety and efficacy. Engineering and Urology, Atlanta, GA; May 19, 2012.
  44. Chiang J, Hynes K, Brace CL. Decreased blood flow associated with higher risk of cytotoxic heat transfer in microwave tumor ablation. Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, Portland, OR; Apr 13-16, 2012.
  45. Chiang J, Hynes K, Brace CL. Cytotoxic heat transfer along vessels near microwave ablation zones: preliminary phantom studies. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA; Mar 23-29, 2012.
  46. Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz T, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. A short microwave ablation zone is possible: In vivo experience with a modified triaxial antenna. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  47. Brace CL, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Heyrman S, Cassidy P, Johnson A, Sprangers A. Hydrodissection for thermal ablation: Development of injectable hydrogels to increase stability of the insulating layer. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  48. Chiang J, Brace CL. Creating a more spherical tumor ablation zone through microwave antenna optimization. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  49. Wang P, Brace CL. Microwave ablation monitoring augmented by simultaneous tissue dielectric measurement using a dipole antenna, IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Spokane, WA; Jul 3-8, 2011.
  50. Chiang J, Brace CL. Microwave tumor ablation: An optimized dual-slot antenna that increases ablation zone sphericity. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, Jun 9-12, 2011.
  51. Chesler N, Tompkins W, Brace CL. Learning assessment in a design-throughout-the-curriculum program. American Society for Engineering Education Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada; Jun 26-29, 2011.
  52. Ji Z and Brace CL. Improved modeling of thermal ablation. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Symposium/URSI Meeting, Boulder, CO, Jan 5-9, 2011.
  53. Roen C, Sampson LA, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Thermal ablation in cystic lesions: Microwaves improve heating when compared to radiofrequency ablation in a phantom model. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 2010.
  54. Lubner MG, Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with high-power gas-cooled antennas: Initial ex vivo and in vivo results. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  55. Huang Y, Sampson LA, Andreano A, Brace CL. Microwave ablation: An experimental comparison between time-interleaved and concurrent arrays. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  56. Knavel EM, Sampson LA, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. High-powered gas-cooled microwave ablation: Shaft cooling create an effective stick zone without preserving peri-antenna tissue. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  57. Roen C, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Contrast-doped hydrodissection fluids for thermal ablation: Optimization of iohexol concentration. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  58. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Nakada S, Hedican S, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous cryoablation of small renal masses: A five year single institution experience. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  59. Patel SR, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Hedican SP, Lee FT Jr, Nakada SY.  Five year single institutional experience with percutaneous renal cryoablation. 25th Annual Meeting of the Engineering and Urology Society, San Francisco, CA, May 29, 2010.
  60. Hinshaw JL, Lee M, Lubner M, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr. What is the impact of hepatic cirrhosis on procedural outcomes for radiofrequency ablation? Society of Gastrointestinal Radiologists Abdominal Radiology Course, Orlando, FL; Feb 21-26, 2010.
  61. Brace CL, Andreano A, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave kidney ablation: High power pulsing creates larger ablations compared to low continuous power. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 29-Dec. 4, 2009.
  62. Andreano A, Huang Y, Hinshaw JL, Meloni MF, Lee FT Jr., Brace CL. Microwave power delivery is more efficient than radiofrequency for ablation in the liver and lung. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 29-Dec. 4, 2009.
  63. Andreano A, Huang Y, Lee FT Jr., Hinshaw JL, Meloni MF, Brace CL. Microwave and RF tissue heating: Microwaves provide more direct heating when compared to radiofrequency energy in ex vivo liver tissue. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 29-Dec. 4, 2009.
  64. Rubert N, Bharat S, Andreano A, Brace CL, Jiang J, Sampson LA, Zagzebski JA, Lee FT Jr, Varghese T. In vivo ultrasound electrode displacement strain imaging. IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, Rome, Italy; Sep 20-23, 2009.
  65. Jiang J, Brace CL, Andreano A, DeWall R, Rubert N, Fisher T, Varghese T, Lee FT Jr, Hall TJ. Elastic modulus imaging (EMI) for visualizing thermal ablation zone: Initial experience in a porcine model. IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, Rome, Italy; Sep 20-23, 2009.
  66. Wang P and Brace CL. Ablation zone monitoring through time domain peak detection in microwave liver ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Beijing, China; Jun 26-29, 2009.
  67. Rubert N, DeWall RJ, Bharat S, Varghese T, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Andreano A, Hall TJ, Zagzebski JA, Lee FT Jr. Three-dimensional strain imaging using electrode displacement. Ultrasound Imaging and Tissue Characterization Symposium, Arlington, VA; Jun 10-12, 2009.
  68. Bharat S, Jiang J, Varghese T, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Zagzebski J. In vivo electrode displacement elastography for thermally ablated lesions. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, New York, NY; Apr 2-5, 2009.
  69. Jiang J, Brace CL, Madsen EL, Varghese T, Hall TJ, Bharat S, Hobson M, Zagzebski J, Lee FT Jr. Thermal ablation monitoring: Elastic modulus imaging improves visualization of ablation zones in phantoms and in vivo animal models. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 30-Dec. 5, 2008.
  70. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Diaz T, Hinshaw JL, Sampson L, Lee FT. Percutaneous pulmonary thermal ablation: High-power microwaves create larger and more consistent zones of ablation than radiofrequency in an in vivo porcine lung model. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 30-Dec. 5, 2008.
  71. Brace CL, Mistretta CA, Laeseke P, Hinshaw JL, Sampson L, Lee FT. CT-fluoroscopic imaging of ablation zone growth: Improved visualization with periodic contrast injections and HYPR reconstruction. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 30-Dec. 5, 2008.
  72. Hinshaw JL, Lee FT, Durick NA, Sampson LA, Leung W, Brace CL. Computed tomography findings during percutaneous pulmonary cryoablation predict the zone of necrosis. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 30-Dec. 5, 2008.
  73. Hinshaw JL, Leung W, Lee FT, Sampson LA, Durick NA, Brace CL. Pulmonary cryoablation: A triple freeze-thaw cycle results in earlier identification of CT imaging changes and may shorten procedure time. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 30-Dec. 5, 2008.
  74. Hinshaw JL, Diaz T, Sampson L, Lee FT, Brace CL.  Ablation-induced tissue changes: Substantial tissue shrinking is observed during radiofrequency and microwave ablation.  12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.  Nominated for Best Scientific Paper Award.
  75. Hinshaw JL, Sandhu N, Lee FT, Brace CL.  Thermal synergy increases the ablation zone size with simultaneous, but not sequential application of multiple-electrodes for RF ablation. 12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.
  76. Hinshaw JL, Cubin F, Laeseke P, Sampson L, Lee FT, Brace CL. Pulmonary cryoablation: Temperature isotherms in a porcine lung model. 12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.
  77. Brace CL. Temperature-dependent dielectric properties of liver tissue measured during thermal ablation: Toward an improved numerical model. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Vancouver, Canada; Aug 20-24, 2008.
  78. Laeseke PF, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Microwave ablation: Multiple-antennas spatially distribute power and significantly improve thermal profiles while potentially reducing invasiveness. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.  Best Oral Abstract.
  79. Brace CL, Mistretta CA, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. CT-fluoroscopic imaging of ablation zone growth: Improved visualization with period contrast injections and HYPR reconstruction. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.
  80. Sandhu N, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Sequential versus simultaneous application of multiple-electrodes for RF ablation: Quantifying thermal synergy. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Washington, DC; Mar 15-20, 2008.
  81. Jiang J, Brace CL, Varghese T, Hall TJ, Lee FT Jr. Ultrasound-based modulus imaging for monitoring radiofrequency ablation: An in vivo animal study. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, San Diego, CA; Mar 12-15, 2008.
  82. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr. Switched-mode microwave ablation: Less dependence on tissue properties leads to more consistent ablations than phased arrays. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 25-30, 2007.
  83. Christensen MB, Brace CL, Giangthy T, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr, Weichert J. Tracking radiofrequency tumor ablation in rodents with 124I-NM404 by microPET/CT hybrid scanning. Society of Molecular Imaging Annual Meeting, Providence, RI; Sep. 8-11, 2007.
  84. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr. Switched-mode microwave ablation: A simple and robust method of power delivery. Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting,Washington, DC; May 13-17, 2007.  New Investigator Award.
  85. Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr. and Brace CL. Thermal Ablation in Kidneys: Microwave Ablation with a Triaxial Antenna Results in Larger Zones of Coagulation than RF. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2006.
  86. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-antenna microwave ablation: Generating larger ablations with less invasiveness than a single antenna. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Toronto, CA; Mar 30-Apr 4, 2006.
  87. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation in the kidney: in vivo results using a small-diameter triaxial antenna. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Toronto, CA; Mar 30-Apr 4, 2006.
  88. Brace CL, P. Laeseke, Sampson LA, Tatum TM, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Triaxial microwave ablation: A small-gauge multiple-antenna system produces large zones of ablation in porcine livers. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Interventional Oncology Symposium, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  89. Brace CL, P. Laeseke, Sampson LA, Tatum TM, T.C. Winter III and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-electrode radiofrequency ablation using an experimental high-power generator: In vivo results. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  90. Broderick LS, Fahey KM, P. Laeseke, Brace CL, Sampson LA and Lee FT Jr. Radiofrequency ablation of the lung: Staged protocol yields larger zones of ablation in a porcine model. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  91. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Frey TM, Winter TC III, and Lee FT Jr. Radiofrequency ablation with multiple electrodes: Initial clinical experience. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Interventional Oncology Symposium, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  92. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Frey TM, Winter TC III, and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-electrode radiofrequency ablation in the kidney. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Interventional Oncology Symposium, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  93. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Frey TM, Winter TC III, and Lee FT Jr. RF ablation in the abdomen: Protecting the bowel from thermal injury with 5% dextrose in water. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Interventional Oncology Symposium, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.
  94. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation using a small-gauge triaxial antenna: ex-vivo results. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA; Mar 31-Apr 5, 2005.
  95. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. In vivo microwave ablation using a small-gauge triaxial antenna. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA; Mar 31-Apr 5, 2005.
  96. Brace CL, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Laeseke PF and Sampson LA. Analysis and experimental validation of a triaxial antenna for microwave tumor ablation. IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, Fort Worth, TX; Jun 6-11, 2004.
  97. Brace CL, Truitt J and van der Weide DW. Characterization of near-field focusing through a deep sub-wavelength aperture. American Physical Society March Meeting, Austin, TX; 2003.
  98. Truitt J, Brace CL and van der Weide DW. Ad-hoc coax microwave field concentration for sub-wavelength spatial resolution. American Physical Society March Meeting, Indianapolis, IN; 2002.

Scientific Posters and Educational Exhibits

  1. Schubert TB, Kinner S, Nocerino EA, Hynes S, Brace CL, Colgan T, Winslow E, Reeder SB. Radiology-pathology box: a tool for MRI guidance of ex vivo histopathologic analysis. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, Nov 26-Dec 2, 2016.
  2. Smolock A, Cristescu MM, Carberry G, Klapperich M, Brace C, Lee F. Non-biologic injectable tumor mimic for hepatic ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  3. Nocerino E, Ziemlewicz T, Lee F, Brace C. A comparison of tumor and ablation dimensions after radiofrequency (RF) and microwave (MW) ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at a single center. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  4. Smolock A, Cristescu MM, Carbery G, Wells SA, Ziemlewicz T, Lubner M, Hinshaw JL, Brace C, Lee FT. Is hepatic microwave ablation near critical structures dangerous? A case-based review. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Boston, MA; Jun 6-10, 2016.
  5. Lee MH, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Wells SA, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Guilt or guilty by association? Percutaneous ablation complications and their mimics. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, Nov 29-Dec 6, 2015.
  6. Chiang JC, Cristescu M, Lee M, Moreland A, Brace CL. Vessel occlusion during microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma: Impact of vessel size proximity and type. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.  *** Poster Excellence Award
  7. Wu PH, Brace CL. Analysis of contrast material delivered during thermal ablation: Is iodine trapped in the ablation zone? World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.  *** Poster Excellence Award
  8. Smolock A, Cristescu M, Woods M, Pinchot J, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lubner MG, Dalvie P, Brace CL, McDermott J, Hinshaw JL, Brunner MC, Ozkan O, Lee FT Jr. Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with combination TACE+MW ablation with TACE monotherapy: A lesion-by-lesion analysis. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.  *** Poster Excellence Award
  9. Harari C, Ziemlewicz TJ, Brace CL. Characterization of tissue contraction following microwave ablation of liver lesions using TACE imaging as a clinical fiducial. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.
  10. Hinshaw JL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lubner MG, Wells SA, Brace CL, Sampson L, Alexander M, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic metastases with high-powered gas-cooled antennas: An update with 20-month mean imaging follow-up. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.
  11. Carberry G, Mason P, Warner T, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Incidence of major cardiac arrhythmias during microwave ablation of lung tissue near the heart: A pilot study in an in vivo porcine model. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.  *** Poster Excellence Award
  12. Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Wells SA, Brace CL, Alexnder M, Agarwal P, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: Safety and efficacy of a 4-year experience. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, May 6-9, 2015.
  13. Ziemlewicz TJ, Brace CL, Willey BJ, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Sampson LA, Warner TF, Lee FT Jr. Ultrasound predicts pathologic zone of necrosis better than non-contrast CT during RF and microwave ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  14. Cristescu M, Ziemlewicz TJ, Abel EJ, Kitchin D, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation for the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma: Initial experience. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  15. Liu D, Brace CL. A comparison of tissue contraction during radiofrequency and microwave ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  16. Moreland A, Wells SA, Fischman A, Ziemlewicz TJ, Best SL, Shenkman NS, Lippert MC, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Abel EJ, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of renal cell carcinoma:  Multicenter evaluation of feasibility, safety, and early clinical efficacy. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  17. Potretzke T, Ziemlewicz T, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Kitchin D, Brace CL, Alexander M, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of hepatic adenomas: Initial experience with 10 adenomas. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  18. Harari C, Magnana M, Bedoya M, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Simultaneous activation of multiple microwave antennas improves circularity and ablation zone volume compared to sequential overlapping ablations. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY; May 10-14, 2014.
  19. Kitchin DR, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Alexander M, Brace CL, and Lee FT Jr. "Microwave ablation of malignant hepatic tumors: Intraperitoneal fluid instillation prevents collateral damage and allows more aggressive case selection." Clinical Interventional Oncology, Miami, FL; Jan 17-Jan 20, 2014.
  20. Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL, Center M. Nuts and bolts of microwave ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  21. Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Kitchin DR, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Making the undoable case doable: Advanced adjunctive techniques in percutaneous ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Dec 1-6, 2013.
  22. Bedoya M, Brace CL. Multiple-antenna microwave ablation: High-power modulation increases ablation zone size. World Conference on Interventional Oncology; New York, NY; May 16-19, 2013.
  23. Knavel E, Brace CL, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. CT appearance of thermal ablation zones in hepatic malignancy: Radiofrequency vs. microwave. Society of Abdominal Radiology Annual Meeting; Maui, Hawaii; Feb 24-Mar 1, 2013.
  24. Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lee FT Jr, Center M, Brace CL. Choose your weapon: RF, Cryo or MW ablation. What you should use and why? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 25-Nov 30, 2012.  *** Cum Laude honors and selected for Radiographics publication.
  25. Hynes K, Brace CL. Characterizing microwave ablation antenna designs by infrared thermal imaging. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  26. Brace CL, Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Ziemlewicz TJ. Microwave tumor ablation: Developmental history, current practice and future trends. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  27. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lee FT Jr. Spectrum of adjunctive techniques used in percutaneous ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011.
  28. Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Ziemlewicz TJ, Lee FT Jr. Image-guided percutaneous ablation of benign hepatic masses: Why operate when you don’t have to? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2011. Certificate of Merit.
  29. Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Sprangers A, Johnson A, Cassidy P, Heyrman S. An injectable gel for hydrodissection-assisted thermal ablation: testing and in vivo validation of a thermally reversible poloxamer 407 solution. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, Jun 9-12, 2011.
  30. Brace CL, Gagnon D, Borden Z, Roen C. Ablation-induced tissue contraction measured by computed tomography: correlation between contraction and dehydration. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, Jun 9-12, 2011.
  31. Hinshaw JL, Patel SR, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Hedican S, Nakada S, Lee FT Jr. Contrast-doped 5% dextrose in water enhances clinical use of hydrodissection during percutaneous renal cryoablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, Jun 9-12, 2011.
  32. Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Sampsons LA, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous ablation with a high-powered, gas-cooled microwave system: initial clinical experience. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, New York, NY, Jun 9-12, 2011.
  33. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, El Said Saad N, Menias CO, Dalvie PS, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Postprocedural imaging of liver-directed therapy. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 2010.  Certificate of Merit and selected for Radiographics publication.
  34. Ji Z and Brace CL. Toward a more complete tissue model development for microwave tumor ablation. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  35. Lubner MG, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. Adjuncts to ablation: Review of techniques to facilitate a percutaneous approach. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Philadelphia, PA, Jun 9-12, 2010.
  36. Lubner M, Hinshaw JL, Brace CL, Dalvie P, McDermott J, Lee FT Jr. Applications of locoregional therapy as a bridge to liver transplant. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 29-Dec. 4, 2009.
  37. Lubner M, Robbins J, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. A review of tumor ablation devices: One tool dos not fit all. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 29-Dec. 4, 2009.  Certificate of Merit.
  38. Andreano A, Huang Y, Sampson LA, Meloni MF, Lee FT Jr. Brace CL. Microwave and radiofrequency tissue heating: Microwaves provide more direct heating in ex vivo liver. World Conference on Interventional Oncology, Beijing, China; Jun 26-29, 2009.
  39. Andreano A, Huang Y, Sampson LA, Meloni MF, Lee FT Jr. Brace CL. Radiofrequency versus microwave ablation: Microwaves create larger thermal ablations than radiofrequencies when controlled for total energy delivery. Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ; Apr 3-7, 2009.
  40. Huang Y, Andreano A, Brace CL. Characterization of time-interleaved microwave antenna arrays: What is the optimal spacing? Society of Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ; Apr 3-7, 2009.
  41. Schenning R, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr., Brace CL. The importance of antenna spacing during microwave ablation: Results at 2.45GHz in an ex vivo bovine liver model. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA; Mar 7-12, 2009.
  42. Zelinski N, Leung W, Brace CL, Lee FT, Sampson L, Hinshaw JL.  Pulmonary cryoablation: A Triple Freeze Results in Earlier Imaging Changes on CT and May Shorten Procedure Time.  12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.  Best Scientific Exhibition: Silver Medal.
  43. Olson E, Laeseke P, Hinshaw JL, Sampson L, Lee FT, Brace CL.  Pulmonary ablation: Microwaves create larger and more consistent zones of ablation than radiofrequency in an in vivo porcine lung model.  12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.
  44. Hinshaw JL, Laeseke P, Sampson L, Mistretta C, Lee FT, Brace CL. CT-fluoroscopic imaging of ablation zone growth: Improved visualization with periodic contrast injections and HYPR reconstruction.  12th Asian Oceanic Congress of Radiology, Seoul, Korea; Oct 24-28, 2008.
  45. Diaz TA, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Ablation-induced tissue shrinking: Ablation zone measurements do no accurately reflect pre-ablation volumes in liver and lung tissues. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.  Best Poster: Second Place.
  46. Laeseke PF, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr, Brace CL. Microwave ablation: Multiple-antennas spatially distribute power and significantly improve thermal profiles while potentially reducing invasiveness. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008. Best Poster: Distinction.
  47. Brace CL, Lee FT Jr. CT artifacts in images obtained during thermal ablation: Microwaves and shielded RF cables eliminate artifacts. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.
  48. Hinshaw JL, Durick N, Leung W, Lee FT Jr, Sampson LA, Brace CL. Pulmonary cryoablation: A comparison of a dual and triple freeze protocol. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.  Best Poster: Distinction.
  49. Hinshaw JL, Olson E, Durick N, Leung W, Lee FT Jr, Sampson LA, Brace CL. Cryoablation in a porcine lung model: CT-pathologic correlation. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Los Angeles, CA; Jun 22-25, 2008.
  50. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Pulmonary tumor ablation: A review of established and emerging technologies. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting Educational Exhibit, Chicago, IL; Nov. 25-30, 2007.
  51. Laeseke PF, Prasad V, Sampson LA, Lee FT Jr. and Brace CL. Multiple-electrode RF ablation: Wider electrode spacing does not necessarily mean larger ablation zones. World Congress on Interventional Oncology, Washington, DC; May 13-17, 2007.
  52. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Microwave and RF ablation of the lung, liver, kidney, and bone: What are the differences? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2006.  Certificate of Merit.
  53. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Multiple-antenna microwave ablation: The future of tumor ablation? Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2006.
  54. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation technology: What every user should know. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov. 26-Dec. 1, 2006.
  55. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Prasad V, Lee FT Jr. Electrical isolation of organs during radiofrequency ablation: 5% dextrose in water provides better protection than saline. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, New York, NY; Aug. 30-Sep 3, 2006.
  56. Prasad VM, Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Lee FT Jr. Protecting the bowel during radiofrequency ablation with 5% dextrose in water. University of Wisconsin Undergraduate Symposium, Spring 2006.
  57. Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, van der Weide DW, Frey TM and Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of lung: A comparison of application techniques in an in vivo porcine model. Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Meeting, Toronto, CA; Mar 30-Apr 4, 2006.
  58. Brace CL, P. Laeseke, Sampson LA, Tatum TM, van der Weide DW and Lee FT Jr. Principles of microwave ablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005. Certificate of Merit.
  59. Laeseke PF, Brace CL, Sampson LA, Frey TM, Winter TC III, and Lee FT Jr. Principles of multiple-applicator thermal ablation: Radiofrequency, microwave and cryoablation. Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL; Nov 27-Dec 2, 2005.

Educational Activities

Courses Taught

BME 535: Introduction to Energy-Tissue Interactions

BME 601: Special Topics in Biomedical Engineering, “Energy Interactions with Tissue”

BME 200/300: Biomedical Engineering Design

Biology 660: Research Mentor Training Practicum