The design of the antenna used to deliver microwaves determines how efficiently and in what geometric pattern energy is delivered. We create designs based on near-field antenna theory. The triaxial antenna developed in our lab established much of the basic foundation for modern microwave ablation, proving that large ablations can come from small antennas. Integrated cooling with water or cryogenic gases has also allowed greater power delivery through very thin antennas.
More recent research has focused on creating spherical heating patterns with coaxial antennas as well as application-specific designs for small tumors, surgical applications, planar antennas and external heating.